Application and Reflection

Spearman’s theory of generalized and specialized intelligence relates to my own development because, while I had a general knowledge of every subject, I excelled in English and struggled in math. This led to my specialized intelligence being language arts and writing. As children get older, their specialized intelligence grows even more and becomes more specific, which leads to them choosing a major in college and a career path.

Thurstone’s theory is important to understand in my career as a teacher because so much of school revolves around standardized testing. If I help my children master Thurstone’s seven primary mental abilities, they should do better on standardized test. Although I want my children to get more out of my class than doing well on a standardized test, this is something that needs to be taken into consideration as an educator.

When I was growing up, I did well with what Guilford defines as convergent thinking. I always did well on standardized test and had great TCAP and ACT scores. However, I did not always do as well in the creative area. I am not as good at coming up with creative and multiple solutions to a problem, especially under pressure. Convergent and divergent thinking are both important to have so I would like to promote each of these types of thinking in my classroom.

Goleman’s theory of emotional intelligence will come in handy when working with younger, pre-school age children. This is when children are very openly emotional and have not yet grasped self control. Self control, self management, social awareness, and relationship management are all things that are important to development. Children must learn to control themselves and not throw tantrums before they go to elementary school where this behavior will not be tolerable. There will be children who will have more severe behavioral problems and will need work in these areas. I will need to develop lesson plans and activities that will help children learn how to control themselves as well as how to interact with the different people around them.

The type of intelligence that I identify with the most in Sternberg’s theory of triarchic intelligence is the analytic intellectual abilities. As I stated before, I always did well on standardized tests, which applies to this type of intelligence. However, I had many opportunities to foster my creative abilities as well in gifted programs like CLUE. This allowed me to realize my creative potential and do well in this area too. My practical abilities are probably where I lacked the most. I had common sense but I was rather sheltered during my childhood and did not understand real world issues until I was older and exposed to different things.

Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences is my favorite theory that we learned in this course. As a teacher, I believe that it is extremely important to allow children to pursue their own interests and develop their own strengths and weaknesses. Of course I want each child to be well rounded and succeed in different areas, I also believe that children need to celebrate their individuality. Every student is going to have things that they are good at and things that they are not so good at but I would like to place equal importance on all types of intelligence so that children feel proud of themselves and do not feel inferior. Since children will focus on the type of intelligences that they excel in later in life anyway by choosing a college major and a job, it makes sense that they should already be able to explore and focus on their own interests and strengths.

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